Many types of networking devices.

Networking is not possible without the physical and virtual elements that make up network infrastructure.

The design of a network is influenced by factors like size, topology of the network work load, workloads, and business requirements, among others. A network for business could, for instance, require hundreds, or even thousands of different network equipment to build and maintain its data centre as well as LAN and the WAN. A simple home network is, however could only have two components.

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Bridge

A bridge joins the partitioned network elements and handles the flow of data between them. A transparent bridge connects networks using the same protocol while a translation bridge joins two LANs that use different protocols.

Bridges are not often used in network systems for business and are generally replaced by switches.

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Switch

Devices usually connect to switch’s ports using the Ethernet wire. The switch stores all MAC addresses of equipment in an addresses table is used as a reference when it transfers frames. A router transmits information to an address on the network or IP however, a switch transmits data directly to a specific target port.

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Gateway

Modem

Hub

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